Juvenile Justice

Reducing Youth Justice Involvement and Improving Educational Opportunities

Many juvenile offenders struggle with undiagnosed, untreated mental illness and unsupported educational disabilities. CCA attorneys intervene to access appropriate services to help youth succeed in school and look forward to a secure future.

CCA helps with educational support, special education needs, school discipline issues and access to mental health care. Our legal advocacy and representation is supported by a team of multidisciplinary professionals from UConn School of Medicine and Connecticut Children’s Medical Center.


Proven Success

“Children without this all-inclusive support often fail to succeed in school and community and eventually become casualties of the criminal justice system. The Center for Children’s Advocacy has proven to be creative and effective in developing community-based collaborative programs that address the needs of these children.” – Susan Storey, Connecticut’s Chief Public Defender


Girls Juvenile Justice Project

An outgrowth of the Center’s juvenile justice work was the recognition that the needs of girls in the juvenile justice system were being ignored. CCA formed the Girls Juvenile Justice Project to promote gender-responsive policies and practices and alternatives to incarceration. We helped secure legislation that requires gender-specific programming, development of a girls’ juvenile justice plan, and prevention of incarceration for status offenders.


Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities (RED)

The Center partners with the national Center for Children’s Law and Policy to address the disproportionate rate at which Black and Latino youth are arrested in school, arrested in Department of Children and Families placements, suspended from school, and expelled.

Black and Latino youth are over-represented in the juvenile justice system and treated more punitively once involved with the juvenile justice system. CCA partnerships with state and local agencies push for changes to correct these inequities.


Community Re-Entry Assistance for Hartford Area and New Britain Youth

CCA is working with local partners to identify and assist youth up to the age of 24 who are returning to the community from confinement. Legal staff helps youth understand the collateral consequences a record may carry, provides help to erase or expunge records, helps youth get back into school, get a birth certificate, Driver’s License or ID, re-enter DCF care, access benefits, and secure a job or vocational license. Download a flyer here.

Attorney Marisa Halm
Office: 860-570-5327 x228
Mobile: 860-566-0764

Attorney Adam Yagaloff
Office: 860-570-5327 x260
Mobile: 860-515-8540


Restorative Justice: Community Circles and Deep End Diversion

CCA’s Deep End Diversion Project works inside juvenile facilities (Connecticut Juvenile Training School and Waterford County School) to improve interactions between youth and between youth and staff, and reduce re-arrests. The success of “Deep End Diversion” resulted in requests for expansion to facilities throughout the state. Read more here.


Education vs. Incarceration: The Real Cost of Failing Our Kids

Education v Incarceration

Produced by Connecticut Public Broadcasting, the documentary examines the state’s alarming incarceration of children.

From the CPTV website: “For the first time in recent history, five states now spend more money on incarceration than education. Connecticut is one of those states. It costs approximately $12,000 per year to keep a student in school in Connecticut. It costs more than $31,000 a year to keep an individual in prison. From 1987 to 2006, Connecticut more than tripled its General Fund spending on corrections, from $193 million $661 million. Over the same period, the state’s General Fund spending on higher education increased far less dramatically, from $557 million to $644 million.”

The documentary includes interviews with Martha Stone, executive director of the Center for Children’s Advocacy.


Joe struggled in school for years.

Joe’s struggles began long before his arrest for a school cafeteria fight. He is only 13, but has a long history of academic failure. In one school year, Joe had over 60 absences and 50 days of out-of-school suspension. He missed more than half the year.

Despite an early diagnosis of depressive disorder, difficulty regulating his emotions, and a long history of academic failure, Joe was never evaluated for special education. School reports continually noted severe behavior problems, and Joe’s grades reflected his struggle, with performance significantly below grade.

The school had a legal obligation to refer Joe for special education, but no evaluation was done until CCA got involved. CCA reviewed Joe’s educational records and helped his mother request evaluations.

Joe’s diagnostic evaluations determined a language-based learning disability. With CCA’s involvement, the school agreed that Joe should not be expelled. He was found eligible for special education and placed in a program with therapeutic supports and a behavioral redirection program. Joe flourished academically and behaviorally, and was not suspended once during the remainder of the school year.

He continues to receive evaluations to insure that progress continues, and the school social worker describes him as a role model for other students.


Proven Successes

Our work in Bridgeport and Hartford has achieved:

Read about successes in the Center’s report on Preventing School Push Out for Minority Students.

2016-2017 outcomes of the Center’s efforts on behalf of youth involved with the juvenile justice system are here.



Alicia B. Expulsion Complaint
Center for Children’s Advocacy, with co-counsel National Center for Youth Law and K&L Gates LLP, filed Alicia B. vs. Malloy, challenging the inadequate education of Connecticut students who are expelled from school.  The settlement represents a significant step forward for the education of expelled students.

Alicia B. represented two middle school students who effectively received no education during their expulsions, despite their right to education under the Connecticut state constitution. As a result of the litigation, the State passed legislation that required expelled students be educated in accordance with standards.


Alternative Education

Suspension and Expulsion

Conditions of Confinement

Dual Status Youth

Girls and the Juvenile Justice System

Information for Parents of Youth who have been Arrested


Legal Rights in Detention and Returning to the Community

Mental Health 

Families with Service Needs (FWSN)


Understanding Juvenile Car Theft: A National Issue, Connecticut Juvenile Justice Alliance, 2-2021


For more information, contact Marisa Halm, JD, Director, TeamChild Juvenile Justice Project

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